There are three types of skin cancer:
Each type of cancer can cause different signs and symptoms and often require a different approach for optimal results.
That depends on the type of cancer, its stage of growth and other factors. The most common types of treatment include:
Mohs micrographic surgery is considered the “gold standard” of skin cancer treatments, using special techniques designed to spare healthy tissue so healing and recovery are optimized and the risk of scarring is significantly decreased. During Mohs surgery, the visible lesion is removed and immediately evaluated under a microscope to determine if the edges or borders of the lesion are free of cancer cells. If cancer cells are detected along one or more borders, additional tissue is removed from those areas then re-examined. Once the borders are clear, the treatment area is sutured and bandaged. This approach helps ensure the entire cancer is excised while removing the least amount of healthy tissue.
Having routine professional skin cancer evaluations is one of the best ways to detect subtle changes associated with skin cancer so treatment can be provided as early as possible. Skin cancer evaluations should be performed every year or more frequently for those with risk factors for skin cancer. It's also important to use sunscreen on a regular basis and to avoid unprotected sun exposure and tanning beds.